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The Gray Hawk, a striking bird of prey, is a notable resident of Bisbee, Arizona, particularly in the Mule Mountains region. This bird, scientifically known as 'Buteo plagiatus', is a medium-sized raptor that is often admired for its graceful flight and distinctive appearance.

Description and Appearance

Physical Characteristics

The Gray Hawk is characterized by its sleek, gray plumage, which covers most of its body. Adults typically have a wingspan ranging from 33 to 35 inches and can weigh between 15 to 20 ounces. They possess a rounded tail with white and black bands and a white underside with fine gray barring. The bird's beak is sharp and hooked, ideal for hunting, and its eyes are a piercing yellow, providing keen vision.


The Mule Mountains in Bisbee provide an ideal habitat for the Gray Hawk. These birds prefer riparian woodlands and can often be found in areas with large trees near water sources, such as rivers or streams. The lush environment of the Mule Mountains offers abundant prey and nesting sites, making it a favorable location for these raptors.

Behavior and Diet

Hunting and Diet

Gray Hawks are skilled hunters, primarily feeding on small mammals, reptiles, and insects. They often perch quietly before swooping down on their prey with remarkable agility. Their diet mainly consists of lizards, snakes, small rodents, and occasionally large insects.

Breeding and Nesting

Breeding season for the Gray Hawk typically occurs from April to July. They build their nests in tall trees, often close to water. The nests are constructed with sticks and lined with leaves and softer materials. Females usually lay 2 to 3 eggs, which both parents help incubate. The young fledge in about 6 weeks but remain dependent on their parents for some time.

Conservation Status

Threats and Conservation Efforts

The Gray Hawk is currently listed as a species of least concern, but they face threats from habitat loss and environmental changes. Conservation efforts in Bisbee and the surrounding areas focus on preserving the riparian woodlands and monitoring the bird populations. Public education and awareness programs are also in place to promote the protection of these majestic birds and their habitats.

Significance to Bisbee

Cultural and Ecological Importance

The Gray Hawk holds a special place in the hearts of Bisbee residents. It is not only admired for its beauty and grace but also valued for its role in the local ecosystem as a predator that helps maintain the balance of species. Birdwatching enthusiasts often visit Bisbee to catch a glimpse of the Gray Hawk, contributing to ecotourism and fostering a greater appreciation for wildlife and nature conservation in the region.

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