top of page





The Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis), a bird of prey native to North America, is often sighted in the picturesque Mule Mountains near Bisbee, Arizona. This species is the largest of the North American hawks and is known for its impressive wingspan and distinctive appearance.

Physical Description

Adult Ferruginous Hawks are notable for their large size, with a wingspan that typically ranges from 4.2 to 5.3 feet. They have a pale head and throat, contrasting with their rust-colored back and wings, which give them their name "Ferruginous," meaning "rust-colored." Their legs are feathered down to the talons, a characteristic uncommon in North American raptors. During flight, their broad wings and tail exhibit a striking pattern, with a white underside marked by a dark V-shaped pattern at the wingtips and a wide, gray band on the tail.

Habitat and Behavior

In the Mule Mountains region of Bisbee, these hawks are often found in open landscapes, including grasslands, shrublands, and desert areas. They prefer regions where they can soar high in search of prey, with clear views of the ground. Ferruginous Hawks are skilled hunters, preying mainly on small mammals like rabbits, ground squirrels, and prairie dogs. They are also known to eat birds, reptiles, and insects.

Breeding and Nesting

The breeding season for Ferruginous Hawks in Arizona typically begins in early spring. They build large nests, often in trees, but sometimes on cliffs or even on the ground in areas with minimal disturbances. These nests are constructed with sticks and are lined with softer materials. Each clutch usually consists of 2-4 eggs. The parents share responsibilities in incubating the eggs and feeding the chicks.

Conservation Status

The Ferruginous Hawk is currently listed as a species of "Least Concern" by the IUCN. However, their populations have faced challenges due to habitat loss, primarily from agricultural development and urbanization. Conservation efforts in areas like the Mule Mountains are crucial to ensuring the continued presence of this magnificent raptor in the region.

Ferruginous Hawk in Bisbee's Ecosystem

In the ecosystem around Bisbee, Arizona, the Ferruginous Hawk plays a vital role as a top predator. By controlling populations of rodents and other small animals, they help maintain a balanced ecosystem. Their presence also attracts birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts to the region, contributing to local ecotourism.

Unique Observations in Bisbee

Observers in the Mule Mountains have noted the Ferruginous Hawk's remarkable hunting prowess and adaptability to the varying terrain. Their majestic flight and striking appearance make them a symbol of the wild and unspoiled nature that the region is known for. Birdwatchers and photographers often seek out the Ferruginous Hawk for its beauty and the challenge of spotting this elusive raptor in its natural habitat.

bottom of page