top of page





The Pyrrhuloxia, known scientifically as Cardinalis sinuatus, is a medium-sized North American songbird notable for its striking appearance and melodic songs. It is closely related to the Northern Cardinal but can be distinguished by some key features. The bird typically measures around 8.3 inches in length and weighs approximately 0.8-1.5 ounces.

Physical Appearance

  • Coloration: The Pyrrhuloxia exhibits a grayish body with a striking red face, crest, wings, and tail. The intensity of the red varies among individuals, ranging from a vivid crimson to a more subdued brick red.

  • Beak: One of the most distinguishing features of the Pyrrhuloxia is its thick, yellow, parrot-like beak, which is adept at cracking open seeds, its primary food source.

  • Sexual Dimorphism: Males tend to have more vibrant red coloration compared to females, who are more subdued in color, with grayish tones dominating their plumage.

Habitat and Behavior


The Pyrrhuloxia is typically found in arid and semi-arid regions, specifically in the Mule Mountains near Bisbee, Arizona. It favors habitats with a mix of open areas and dense shrubberies or thickets, which provide both feeding opportunities and protection from predators.


  • Diet: Primarily a seed eater, the Pyrrhuloxia also feeds on insects, especially during the breeding season. They are often observed foraging on the ground or in low bushes.

  • Song and Call: The bird's song is a sweet, whistling tune, similar to that of the Northern Cardinal but more rapid and less clear. Its call is a sharp "chip."

  • Nesting: The Pyrrhuloxia builds a nest made of twigs, grass, and other plant materials, usually positioned in a dense shrub or low tree.

Conservation Status

Currently, the Pyrrhuloxia in the Mule Mountains is not considered endangered or threatened. However, like many species, it faces challenges due to habitat loss and environmental changes. Conservation efforts in the region aim to preserve the natural habitats crucial for the survival of this and other native species. Regular monitoring and research are essential for understanding the long-term health and population trends of the Pyrrhuloxia in Bisbee, Arizona.

bottom of page